Color Relationships within a Garment

There are several systems, all using measured scales, to guide in the selection of color combinations. Primary and secondary colors differ from one system to another, but looking at a rainbow will show you the basic orders of colors’ relationship to one another. The Brewster and Prang theories define red, yellow, and blue as the three …

Color Selection

Every line should include a range of colors that appeals to a variety of customers. Within the line, each group is usually formulated around a color plan consisting of as few as two colors or many colors. Colors choices must reflect season, climate, and type of garment. Active sportswear, for example, employs much more vivid …

Color Naming

An exciting color name can be important in promoting a fashion look. Fashion colors sometimes reappear with new names that make them seem fresh. Plum of one year might return as aubergine in another. Oil paint color lists, as well as books featuring the names of flowers, trees, wood, fruit, vegetables, spices, wines, gem,=s  and …

Neutrals

In clothing, neutrals such as beige, tan, brown, white, gray, and black are even more popular than the colors just mentioned. The reason is probable that they present a pleasing background for the wear without competing for attention. Neutrals are part of every season’s fashion picture, as either a strong fashion statement or a way …

Cool colors

Cool colors, as the term implies, are refreshing in contrast with warm colors. The cool colors-blue, green, and purple-remind us of the sky and the sea. Blue is quiet, restful, and reserved. It is usually found in very high or very low values in clothing. Navy blue is one of the most popular clothing colors. …

Warm Colors

We classify red, yellow, and orange as warm colors because of their association with fire and the sun. Warm colors are exciting, fiery, and dangerous. A popular color for sportswear and evening wear, it is one of the few colors used in high intensities for clothing in every season. Yellow is bright, sunny, cheerful, friendly, …

Color dimensions

Colors has three different dimensions: hue, value, and intensity. Hue enables us to tell one colors from another, such as red from blue or green. Value refers to the use of dark and lights; it is the variation of light strength in a color. The value scale runs from white to black. White is pure …

Element of design

Keeping the theme of the group in mind, a designer must incorporate an each garment a pleasing combination of all the elements of good design. These elements are color, fabrication, line, shape, and detail. One of them usually predominates in a design. These same ingredients are essential to every art form, but they alone are …

Groups

Many lines are divided into groups of garments. Each group has a specific theme based on fabric, color, or a particular fashion direction. Ideas for the theme come from trend research and other design sources, color, or fabrics. Sometimes the design for one garment may inspire a whole group. The styling within each group should …